Biology

I need the function of all of these cell organelles:

Nucleus

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Rough er

Golgi apparatus

Ribosome

Mitochondria

Chloroplast

Lysosomes

Perioxisome

Plasma membrane

Cytoskeleton

Centrioles

Cytoplasm

Vacuole

Vesicles

Cell wall


Answers

South742

1 year ago Comment

Nucleus - regulates all cell activity, and also holds the DNA

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum - lipid and carbohydrate synthesis.

Rough er - produces and modifies proteins
Located next to the nucleus

Golgi apparatus - modify, sort, and package macromolecules for cell secretion 

Ribosome -  assembles the twenty specific amino acid molecules to form the particular protein molecule

Mitochondria - converts energy into compounds that are easier for the cell to use

Chloroplast - captures the energy from sunlight and converts it into food that contains chemical energy in a process called photosynthesis

Lysosomes - breaks down, recycles macromolecules (lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins)

Perioxisome - where hydrogen peroxide and other harmful molecules are broken down by enzymes

Plasma membrane - controls the kinds and amounts of substances moving into and out of the cell; helps maintain cytoplasmic volume and composition

Cytoskeleton - structurally supports, impacts shape and moves cell and its componants

Centrioles - two perpendicular cylinders that form mitotic spindle fibers and microtubules for cilia and flagella, helps organize cell division

Cytoplasm - holds all organelles in place

Vacuole - stores water, salts, protein, and carbohydrates

Vesicles - contains substances that recently entered the cell. Stores and transports newly synthesized molecules.

Cell wall - supports and protects the cell, rigid barrier